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Brazil: Private Natural Heritage Reserves, including in the Urban Zone of Curitiba.

Today is Tuesday, May 7, 2024.

Much is said about the Amazon Forest. Obviously due to its natural grandeur and cultural richness still in the 21st century, it is what attracts the most attention in a world with more than 8 billion people. The same world that consumes more and more natural resources and returns waste and pollutants at the same rate.

Perhaps the most pragmatic and effective effort is the one within the reach of our network of influence and our own hands. In this sense, today we will talk about “smaller” efforts. But “not so minor” nor less important.

In Brazil, Private Natural Heritage Reserves (RPPN) were created in 1990, as a strategy to promote nature conservation through protected areas through the initiative of private owners. In fact, there have been cases of private reserves in Brazilian legislation since 1934.

Brazil currently has around 800 RPPNs, which together total almost 510 thousand hectares. See the official list here.

Self-declared the largest RPPN in Brazil, the total area protected by Sesc Pantanal reaches 107,996 hectares, corresponding to almost 1% of the total extent of the Mato Grosso pantanal. The smallest RPPN in Brazil is said to be 0.70 hectares, that is, an area smaller than a football field.

The State of Paraná has 55 thousand hectares in RPPN, according to the State News Agency.

As the RPPN varies at an urban level, there are also the RPPNM - Private Municipal Natural Heritage Reserves.

Curitiba, capital of the State of Paraná with 1.7 million inhabitants, stands out and has been promoting RPPNM since 2007. It recently created 3 more RPPNM, adding over 836,846.02 m² of protected green areas in the metropolitan region.

Click on the image below for a publication about the RPPNM of Curitiba.

According to the publication (2013, in Portuguese), “the creation of RPPNM provides preservation… in the urban environment, avoiding negative impacts such as irregular occupation, deforestation, waste deposition, hunting, fire, or other actions that could degrade these natural areas.”

Finally, here are some of the advantages (counterparts) for individuals interested in voluntarily creating an RPPNM in Curitiba:

  • exemption of the RPPNM area from the calculation of urban taxes

  • possibility of using the area for partnerships and scientific research, in addition to generating income from ecotourism and similar

  • transfer of construction potential to another property

  • public recognition

Tomorrow we will publish about the Caximba Solar Pyramid, in Curitiba.


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“Nothing in life is to be feared, it is only to be understood. Now is the time to understand more, so that we may fear less.”

“I am among those who think that science has great beauty”

Madame Marie Curie (1867 - 1934) Chemist & physicist. French, born Polish.

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