Mitigating impacts on ecosystem services requires more than biodiversity offsets (ScienceDirect)

... the relationship between biodiversity offsets and ecosystem services affected by development projects is still poorly understood ... specific ecosystem services-oriented offset strategies are necessary and that mitigation devoted to other impacts - especially on water ... Biodiversity offsets of an iron ore mining project were reviewed ... The impacts on ecosystem services are not compensated by biodiversity offsets ... Mitigation of water-related impacts have potential to compensate for impacts on ecosystem services ... Specific ecosystem services-oriented offset actions are needed.


https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0264837721001162




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« … car rien ne se crée, ni dans les opérations de l’art, ni dans celles de la nature, et l’on peut poser en principe que, dans toute opération, il y a une égale quantité de matière avant et après l’opération ; que la qualité et la quantité des principes est la même, et qu’il n’y a que des changements, des modifications. »

Antoine-Laurent De Lavoisier 1789, Traité élémentaire de chimie.